By Dickson Mungazi [Deceased]
During this examine of the conflict of 2 traditions, British liberalism and African nationalism, Mungazi examines how Michael Blundell in Kenya and Garfield Todd in Zimbabwe used their liberal backgrounds to extra the way forward for their followed international locations, regardless of threats and detention. either Blundell and Todd believed that political leaders had a accountability to serve the wishes of the folks as a of nationwide improvement. by the point each one got here to energy, ecu colonization had had a profoundly unfavorable impression at the lives of Africans; Blundell and Todd sought to right this via placing their optimistic perspectives of Africans into perform. utilizing assets acquired in Kenya and Zimbabwe during the last 15 years, this paintings examines democratic traditions that experience survived tumultuous instances lately.
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Extra resources for The Last British Liberals in Africa: Michael Blundell and Garfield Todd
14 There, from 1948 to 1962, Blundell would play his role well in shaping the future of Kenya. In 1904 Eliot introduced a system of hut and poll tax for Africans without making representations in the legislative council. The decision to bar Africans from political participation was based on two fundamental considerations that are characteristically European and colonial behavior. The first consideration was that settlers believed Africans would not understand operational and functional principles of Western democracy.
Colonial systems are never designed to serve the interests of the colonized. From 1906 to 1909, when Sadler served as governor, efficiency in the implementation of colonial policy ‘‘resulted in the appreciation of African resources. ’’24 This form of exploitation is quite common under colonial conditions anywhere. Given the liberal traditions of the Asquith administration, it is doubtful that Asquith himself would have allowed this form of colonial abuse to occur in the form that it did. While this kind of colonial activity was going on Africans were also expected to pay The Political History of Kenya 35 various forms of tax.
Blundell was born and raised in London during a period of history in Britain that witnessed great liberal traditions coming out of the Industrial Revolution. Todd was born in New Zealand when similar developments were taking place. Because of their unique roles in the development of the two British colonies, these two men occupy a special place in their histories. Their adoption of liberal ideas came out of the thinking that the interests of society were best served by the action of those in position of power and influence to serve the needs of the people.