The Arab State and Neo-Liberal Globalization: The by Laura Guazzone, Daniela Pioppi

By Laura Guazzone, Daniela Pioppi

Now to be had in paperback, this selection of essays bargains an alternate method of the learn of contemporary Arab states via concentrating on their participation in neo-liberal globalization instead of on authoritarianism or Islam. the consequences of the restructuring of conventional country energy engendered via globalization are analyzed individually, via up-to-date empirical learn into the political, monetary, and safety methods of every kingdom thought of. Egypt, Lebanon, Morocco, and Saudi Arabia are the case reports chosen to symbolize varied paths in the direction of a shared version of a 'new' Arab nation which, faraway from representing an outstanding case of resilience opposed to international tendencies, could be visible frequently as typifying their results. The ebook bargains either an total conceptualization of switch affecting the Arab states, regionally and the world over, and a sequence of in-depth case reports by way of state and useful components. this can be very well timed whilst considered in the context of the present political unrest and exceptional swap in the center East. This paperback version encompasses a new preface which hyperlinks the author's examine to the present Arab Spring predicament.

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Personally criticizing the President and his family broke a taboo in Egyptian politics. 29 Kifaya had a broader political [28] NEO-LIBERAL STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT base than the committees in solidarity with Palestinians and against the US war on Iraq, or the Popular Campaign for Change, which grew out of these committees (the Muslim Brothers were founding members of the Popular Campaign, but never fully participated in its activities). Like them, Kifaya’s constituency was primarily intellectuals.

The combination of repression and loss of credibility due to this incident ended the viability of the jihad option in Egypt. But the regime did not end the state of emergency in effect since 1981 or restore civil and human rights. The Mubarak regime’s relationship to the Islamists has been complex. 6 Simultaneously, it sought to outflank and coopt the Islamists by promoting a state-sponsored Islam. Until 1991, it also allowed Egyptians to join the anti-Soviet jihad in Afghanistan. Although the Muslim Brothers have been tolerated most of the time, the extent of toleration depends on the whims of the regime.

Despite the claims of the Egyptian regime, the administration of George W. Bush, and over-optimistic observers, neither the economic nor the political changes of the last three decades have fundamentally altered the contours of power. Rather, the neo-authoritarian Mubarak regime has adapted and become further entrenched. Cosmetic measures like amending the Constitution have actually enhanced the power of Gamal Mubarak and his business-class allies. However, unlike in Turkey, the Egyptian business class has little self-confidence and shows no sign of becoming a class for itself; it is largely an appendage of the state.

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