By Markku Filppula, International Conference on Methods in D
Nonstandard types of languages have lately develop into an item of latest curiosity in scholarly learn. this can be greatly as a result of the advances within the equipment utilized in facts assortment and research, in addition to the emergence of latest language-theoretical frameworks. The articles during this quantity stem from the eleventh foreign convention on tools in Dialectology (Methods XI, August 2002, Joensuu). The subject matter for this convention was once “Dialects throughout borders”. the choice of contributions incorporated during this quantity demonstrates how different types of borders exert significant impact on linguistic behaviour around the world. The articles were grouped in line with whether or not they deal essentially with the linguistic results of political and ancient borders among states (Part I); different types of social and neighborhood barriers, together with borders in a metaphorical experience, i.e. social boundaries and psychological or cognitive barriers (Part II); and eventually, limitations among languages (Part III).
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Extra resources for Dialects Across Borders: Selected Papers from the 11th International Conference on Methods in Dialectology (Methods XI), Joensuu, August 2002
Choi 2001. “Shaping meanings for language: universal and language-specific in the acquisition of spatial semantic categories”. Language Acquisition and Conceptual Development ed. by M. C. Levinson, 475–511. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Carigiet, W. 2000. “Zur Mehrsprachigkeit der Bündnerromanen”. Bickel & Schläpfer 2000. 235–239. Harnisch, K-R. 1982. “Doppelpartikelverben als Gegenstand der Wortbildungslehre und Richtungsadverbien als Präpositionen”. Tendenzen STATIC SPATIAL RELATIONS IN GERMAN AND ROMANCE 49 verbaler Wortbildung in der deutschen Gegenwartssprache ed.
None of the varieties investigated here uses the complex PP+ADV constructions categorically for a particular picture stimulus. Since both simple PPs and complex PP+ADV constructions occur for the same pictures and in the same varieties, the data analyzed here do not support any other systematic semantic differentiation than the ‘redundancy-hypothesis’. Other means of data elicitation and/or meta-semantic judgements of informants might shed more light on this issue. 27% of all PP+ADV constructions are uttered in order to describe a stimulus which represents a spatial setting where the figure surrounds the ground: (11) dr haag isch ums huus ume the fence is around-the house around MU (12) s mäscheli isch um d cherze ume the ribbon is around the candle around MU Almost 9% of all PP+ADV constructions can be attributed to the inverse relation of a ground-element encircling the figure, as shown by example (13): (13) de öpfel isch im ring inne the apple is in(side) the ring in(side) MU It seems very clear that the encircling configurations favor the use of PP+ADV, and more precisely redundant PP+ADV constructions.
Figure 1), the primary role of the verb is to express the activating process in the locating expression. In the case of static spatial relations, a semantically quite simple and schematic concept is fully sufficient to express this activating process. The simple fact that the figure ‘is’ at a particular place can be rendered by the equivalents of sein (‘to be’) in all varieties and languages within the scope of this paper. e. there are semantically more complex verbs which can be used in responses to the picture stimuli.