By Lise Storm
This e-book explores the political video games of the Moroccan democratization procedure within the interval from independence in 1956 until eventually 2006. by way of combining an exceptional measure of political idea with empirical fabric on Morocco, it analyzes the concepts and activities of a few of the political actors and evaluates the extent of democracy found in the rustic after the adoption of recent constitutions in 1962, 1970, 1972, 1980, 1992 and 1996. Lise typhoon demonstrates that during at the least a few situations, democratization has been greater than easily a survival method – now and again, key figures in the political elite have taken the democratization strategy additional than strictly wanted for them to stick in strength. on the subject of Morocco, it's been the monarch who on multiple party has moved the rustic additional in the direction of the democratic excellent than he unavoidably needed to, and that typically even opposed to the needs of 1 or extra of the verified political events. This booklet illustrates how the Moroccan political events, like such a lot of in their opposite numbers within the zone, became the most problem to additional democratization as so much of them have by no means honoured – or seem to have deserted – the major functionality of political events: renowned illustration. Democratization in Morocco can be a truly important contribution to scholars and researchers attracted to the dynamics at the back of the Moroccan democratization and the position of electoral politics in North African and center japanese politics.
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Extra resources for Democratization in Morocco: The Political Elite and Struggles for Power in the Post-Independence State (Routledge Studies in Middle Eastern Politics)
Phase two: eleven years of turmoil, 1962–72 The first phase of Moroccan political history following independence was dominated by a power struggle between the monarchy and the Istiqlal party. The following phase differed in that it was dominated by events centred on the King alone. As the King came to enjoy the support of the military, he changed his strategy from interaction with his political opponents to that of harsh repression, thereby letting most of the air out of the struggle for power, as the parties found themselves in a situation where they were too weak to present a genuine challenge to the monarchy–military power alliance.
Unlike in 1970, where the domains of the King were specified by dahirs, the new constitution stated similarly to that of 1962 that the domains of the King were stipulated in the constitution (Constitution Marocaine 1972: article 29). : article 68). Finally, by making explicit in article 98 that the initiative for the revision of the constitution belonged to the King and the House of Representatives rather than simply to the King as article 97 of the 1970 constitution stipulated, the 1972 constitution increased the powers of parliament vis-à-vis the King slightly further.
The Kingdom had taken the first steps towards democracy having entered into the process of political opening by 24 Government after independence making a contract between the rulers and the citizenry, which promised the formal introduction of political competition in the form of parliamentary elections and the prohibition of the formation of a one-party state. What had happened was somewhat out of the ordinary. While a party had tried to stop democratic progress, the King, the chief figure within the regime, had stretched out his hands to the more moderate forces in political life and civil society.