Chrétien de Troyes in Prose: The Burgundian Erec and Cligés by Joan Tasker Grimbert, Carol J. Chase

By Joan Tasker Grimbert, Carol J. Chase

In the midst of the 15th century nameless writers `translated' into prose Chr?©tien de Troyes's first verse romances, Erec and Clig?©s (dating from the 12th century), for the circle of Philip the nice, duke of Burgundy. for a very long time unfairly disregarded as trite and slavish renderings of Chr?©tien's masterful narratives, the prose Erec and Clig?©s truly advantage cautious examine of their personal correct, for those heart French reworkings adapt the sooner romances to slot the pursuits of the fifteenth-century public. The authors up-to-date not just the language but additionally the descriptions of chivalric exploits, tourneys, and siege struggle; in addition, they confirmed genuine ingenuity within the approach they converted the tale line, clarifying motivation, rescripting characters, and shortening a number of the descriptions. The romances provide precious insights into the evolution of Arthurian romance, the heritage of reception of Chr?©tien's paintings, and the mentality and tradition of 1 of the main notable courts to flourish within the overdue center a while. This quantity offers the 1st English prose translations of the writings, observed through an creation featuring the old, cultural, and literary context, and notes.

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He learned the truth and at once went to bow to him and present him with honor and service, indeed, inviting him to take lodging in his castle. Erec thanked him heartily. ’ ‘The gift is beautiful,’ said the count of Lalut, lord of the land, ‘for the maiden is perfect in beauty, goodness, refinement, and wisdom, and I am very happy about this great good that has come to her, for her mother is my sister. ’ [p. 143] 10. How Erec arranged during supper to take Enide to King Arthur’s court the next day Thus ended the conversation between Erec and the lord of the castle.

6 The Middle French uses ‘amie’ here and elsewhere for the young women who accompany or are loved by knights; the word has a number of meanings, from ‘friend’ to ‘beloved’. I have translated by ‘lady-friend’, ‘lady-love’, ‘friend’, or ‘beloved’. 32 CHRÉTIEN DE TROYES IN PROSE [p. 121] 5. How Erec was armed and how he went to the spot where the sparrow hawk was to be taken In reaction to this arrangement the noble maiden showed no emotion, for her calm demeanor did not change at all. In her heart she was delighted, and she responded so wisely to Erec’s questions that he marveled at her good sense and her gracious ways.

At the windows of the castle were the king, the queen, Sir Gauvain, Perceval le Gallois, and many other knights of the court. They perceived from afar Erec and his beloved, and in great friendship they all went out together to meet Erec; and even the king, who saw him approaching, went to greet him, as did the queen. Words of welcome and greetings were not at all spared! Much was made over Enide by the king, the queen, the ladies, and girls. The king took her in his arms from her palfrey and led her in great honor up to the reception rooms in the castle.

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