Chemistry Hydrocarbons (Zambak) by Ayhan NAZLI, Murat DURKAYA, Yener EKŞİ, Nuh ÖZDİN, Muhammet

By Ayhan NAZLI, Murat DURKAYA, Yener EKŞİ, Nuh ÖZDİN, Muhammet AYDIN, Davut PİRAZ, Necdet ÇELİK, Uğur Hulusi PATLI, Varol GÜRLER

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In ethene and propene, there is only one possibility for the location of the C C double bond. But in butene (C4H8) there are two possibilities; CH2 CH CH2 C4H8 (1–butene) CH3 CH3 CH CH CH3 C4H8 (2–butene) The only difference between 1–butene and 2–butene is the location of C double bond. C Both alkenes and cycloalkanes have the same general formula, CnH2n. Therefore every alkene, except C2H4, has a cycloalkane isomer. Cyclobutane, for instance, is isomeric with both the two structures drawn above.

Increasing the number of carbon atoms causes an increase in the strength of the van der Waals forces. The first four members of the alkanes are gases, those with 5–17 carbons are liquids, and the rest are solids. The boiling points, melting points and densities of alkanes increase directly with the increase in the number of carbon atoms. Their densities are smaller than 1g/ml and they are generally colorless, tasteless and odorless. Increasing of the number of branches in isomers decreases the boiling point.

So, the name of the compound is 1–chloro–2–butene. b. The parent name is 1–butene. On the third carbon atom, two are attached. So, the name is 3,3–dimethyl–1–butene. CH3 groups c. The parent name is 2–pentene. Two methyl groups are attached to the fourth carbon atom. So, the name of the compound is 4,4–dimethyl–2–pentene. d. To choose the parent name the substituents ( we get: 3,4–dimethyl–3–hexene. 6 5 3 CH3 C 2 CH2 1 CH3 54 Hydrocarbons CH3 CH2 4 C CH3 C2H5) must be opened. Thus 3 Which names of the following compounds are given correctly?

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