Analogy as Structure and Process: Approaches in Linguistics, by Esa Itkonen

By Esa Itkonen

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Additional info for Analogy as Structure and Process: Approaches in Linguistics, Cognitive Psychology and Philosophy of Science (Human Cognitive Processing, Volume 14)

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Thus, whether we have generalization-2 with or without extension must be decided separately in each case. If there is an analogical extension, or a movement, motivated by a common structure, from one system to another, it seems natural – as we just saw – to think that it has to go from more to less familiar. g. in Holyoak and Thagard (1995: Ch. 4–5), where it is always the case that a problem has to be solved by moving from a familiar (and readily expressible) A to a less familiar B. This assumption is not mandatory, however.

5, C). Thus, whether we have generalization-2 with or without extension must be decided separately in each case. If there is an analogical extension, or a movement, motivated by a common structure, from one system to another, it seems natural – as we just saw – to think that it has to go from more to less familiar. g. in Holyoak and Thagard (1995: Ch. 4–5), where it is always the case that a problem has to be solved by moving from a familiar (and readily expressible) A to a less familiar B. This assumption is not mandatory, however.

The prepositions a(b) or von). Therefore a more ‘indirect’ version of localist-metaphorical grammar seems called for. e. nominative – accusative – dative and ergative – absolutive – dative, correspond, ultimately, to the semantic roles ‘agent’, ‘theme’, and ‘location’. ‘Agent’ is (nearly) self-explanatory; and it is a non-localist notion. ‘Location’ subsumes such less abstract roles as ‘experiencer’, ‘possessor’, ‘recipient’, and ‘contact-patient’ (like in He hit the window). ‘Theme’ subsumes ‘change-of-state patient’ (like in He broke the window) as well as ‘topic-ofdiscourse’ (like the referent of the subject in The bank is next to the Post Office, where the rest of the sentence is, literally, ‘location’).

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