By Philippe-Joseph Salazar
An African Athens deals an research of a brand new ecology of rhetoric--the reshaping of a country right into a democracy via rhetorical capability. writer Philippe-Joseph Salazar presents a basic view of matters as they've got taken form within the apartheid and post-apartheid South African adventure, providing the rustic as a awesome degree for enjoying out the nice issues of public deliberation and the increase of postmodern rhetorical democracy. Salazar's intimate vantage element specializes in the remarkable case of a democracy received on the negotiating desk and in addition gained each day in public deliberation. This quantity provides a full-scale rhetorical research of a democratic transformation in post-Cold battle period, and offers a examine of the dying of apartheid and post-apartheid from the point of view of political and public rhetoric and communique. In doing so, it serves as a template for related enquiries within the rhetorical examine of rising democracies. meant for readers engaged within the examine of political and public rhetoric with an curiosity in how democracy takes form, An African Athens highlights South Africa as a try case for worldwide democracy, for rhetoric, and for the relevance of rhetoric reports in a postmodern democracy.
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Extra resources for An African Athens: Rhetoric and the Shaping of Democracy in South Africa (Volume in the Rhetoric, Knowledge, and Society Series)
These speeches, or “performances” (in the rhetorical sense of the word), were highly contrasted displays of rhetoric and of audience response. 9 Then, 2 weeks later (May 24, 1994), Mandela gave his first official speech as President to the new Parliament in a solemn sitting. This speech, delivered and printed in the media, was eagerly received by the new citizens, who rushed from their jobs to buy the quickly sold out “late final” print of the Cape Argus (Cape Town’s afternoon newspaper). To those who hastened to read the speech, it was as fresh as it was to those who had just attended the solemn convocation.
In keeping with the “performativity” of his May 1994 speech, Mandela rhetorically performs a historical explanation of South Africa’s THE RHETORIC OF MANDELA 29 emergence into democracy, knotting together the nation’s history with that of the African National Congress—like body and soul. The poetic images he employs in the peroration of the speech (“I look forward to that period when I will be able to wake up with the sun; to walk the hills and valleys of Qunu in peace and tranquility”) form, in their immediately empathetic triteness, the logical conclusion to a rhetorical argument on the value of the African National Congress as the maker of peace.
Mandela’s image has been used in so many ways that, at first glance, there is nothing new in having the magical presidential touch affixed to yet another social issue. In fact, it is the very banality of this rhetorical device (a hidden enthymeme, or faulty syllogistic reasoning: the President is Prudence; the President’s image appears; then take notice of prudence) that matters and that is indeed “magical” (given that the presidential image is a fiat that makes something evident). The banal recourse by media offices and government information services to presidential evidential presence—in this case the portrait together with the citation—further entrenches the presence of praise in public deliberation on the nature of power.