African Military History and Politics: Ideological Coups and by Y. Alex-Assensoh

By Y. Alex-Assensoh

This ebook exhibits how Africa's former colonial powers--including nice Britain, France, Portugal, and Spain--trained participants and leaders of colonial defense force to be politically nonpartisan. but, the modern day defense force became so politicized that many nations are this day governed or have already been governed by means of army dictators via coups d'etat, sometimes for solid purposes because the ebook issues out. This publication lines the historic and political evolution of those occasions and what bodes for Africa, the place the never-ending army incursions into partisan politics are involved.

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82 To translate the anger into action, therefore, in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum, a Muslim group staged a public protest at the Nigerian Embassy, describing the two dead men as Islamic martyrs who, as they claimed, had been killed by Zionism and imperialism. 83 18 AFRICAN MILITARY HISTORY AND POLITICS It is always very significant to cite Nigeria’s Christian-Islamic divide because it is such an explosive issue that the two early coups in the country had religious undertones. The first coup, in January 1966, was seen as having been led by Christian army officers from the southern belt of the country; the second coup in July 1966—although led by General Gowon, a thoroughbred Christian—was, however, seen as having been Muslim-inspired because he was born and brought up in the-then Islamic northern region of Nigeria.

Vice-President Richard Nixon went to represent the administration of President Dwight Eisenhower. S. passports to travel, Robeson publicly and angrily denounced the action, saying that “of all the Americans who traveled to the Ghana celebration there was not one man by far who was as worthy of being there as was DuBois. ”47 Robeson was further infuriated by other facts of passport denial involving DuBois. They included Dr. DuBois’s qualifications, which, in Robeson’s summation, made DuBois the most qualified person to participate in Ghana’s 1957 independent festivities: DuBois presided over the fifth Pan-African Congress in Manchester, England, in 1945, that was attended by Kwame Nkrumah, who later became Africa’s Recent Colonial Past, 1900–1970 11 the first prime minister of free Ghana, by Jomo Kenyatta [of Kenya] and two hundred other leaders from every section of Africa, the West Indies, British Guiana, British Honduras, Brazil and the United States.

Methods of Colonial-Cum-Imperial Rule and Their Accompanying Problems in Africa What has not been widely documented is the manner in which colonialists from Europe acquired their vast parcels of land and economic interests, coupled with the policies they put in place. Professor S. C. Saxena, an Indian scholar who holds the position of Reader in African Studies at University of Delhi, India, offers an elucidation. ”15 As Dr. ”16 That accounted for the systems of governance based on appeasement, by which they entered various colonies and still allowed both good (or well-meaning) and inimical indigenous customs or practices to flourish.

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