African Agricultural Production Development Policy in Kenya by H. Ruthenberg

By H. Ruthenberg

In quantity 2 of the "Afrika-Studien" an appraisal of the rural improvement coverage in Tanganyika (now Tanzania) from 1950 to 1963 was once made. This document is a continuation of the paintings in East Africa, with the emphasis mendacity on a tentative quantitative evaluate of prices and merits of smallholder improvement. There are few international locations in Africa south of the Sahara the place as many and as numerous measures for the promoting of small­ holder farming were attempted as constantly and intensively as in Kenya. particularly the "Swynnerton Plan" ended in the employment of considerable sums in African farming. a number of the methods were hugely good fortune­ ful, others no longer. it's the function of this report back to tell approximately goals and associations, equipment and problems, charges and merits. Prof. Dr. EMIL WOERMANN Institut fiir landwirtschaftliche Betriebs- und Landarbeitslehre, Gottingen Acknowledgements As traditional with reviews of this nature, my major debt is to a lot of smallholders, settlers, scheme managers, Agricultural officials and Instruc­ tors who so willingly mentioned their issues of me and therefore supplied the knowledge on which this record relies. i'm so much thankful for the aid rendered by means of a few of the Departments of the Kenya govt. A debt of gratitude is owed relatively to the Fritz Thyssen beginning, Cologne, which supplied the cash and to the Ifo-Institute, Munich, which supplies the institutional framework for German financial examine paintings in East Africa. most respected recommendation and feedback was once given through Mr. ]. D.

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Extra resources for African Agricultural Production Development Policy in Kenya 1952–1965

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The funds for schemes outside the routine work of the local staff were allocated by the African Land Development Board (ALDEV) - the name changed frequently - whose members were nominated by different ministries. The Provincial Agricultural Committee, consisting of representatives of different ministries and nominated members, was responsible for (1) initiating plans; (2) preparing estimates of schemes; (3) submitting them to ALDEV; (4) carrying them out; (5) proposing appropriate by-laws to be passed by the African District Councils, and (6) ensuring consultation with African District Councils.

In the early fifties, farmers were urged to plant grass in order to reduce overgrazing and erosion damage. But they were rather slow in responding. The Agricultural Officer, Nyeri, reported: "Too often does one come across a patch of tall grass, and upon enquiring why it is not being used receives the answer that this is the Agricultural Department grass and is for viewing Officers only". At that time it was the Government's policy to encourage the keeping of native Zebu cattle and improved Zebu breeds in African areas and to select high milk-producing blood lines out of the indigenous stock.

The social and political consequences of smallholder progress are obvious in the Kenya scene. Taking what seems to be practical out of socialism and capitalism, the Kenya African National Union (KANU) is accepting smallholder farming as appropriate to the present stage of development, and is actively promoting enclosures and consolidation leading to "absolute ownership" of land in the hands of smallholders. KANU is thus taking a rather different attitude towards smallholder farming from that of TANU in Tanzania, which aims at large scale communal or cooperative farms.

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